“The measurement of all aspects related to the publication and reading of books and documents.” (Otlet, 1934)
“the application of mathematics and statistical methods to books and other media of communication.” (Pritchard, 1969)
In practice they are applied to scholarly outputs to analyze knowledge production, dissemination, and use.
Bibliometrics is a widely used term to refer to the field, but it is not the only (and probably not the best) one. Other (quasi-)synonyms or closely related terms include:
Peer-reviewed scholarly work are contributions to the advancement of knowledge (or units of knowledge production).
Because researchers cite their sources, references and citations can be used:
To measure of the use (or impact?) of a research output.
To link research outputs (and their producers) with one another.
History and sociology of science
Research assessment and evaluation
Library collection development
This work was completed as part of the Journal Usage Project sponsored by CRKN.
Producing open data sets that create or expand research possibilities
Assessing the coverage and data quality of existing databases
Developing methods and process to make bibliometrics more open and accessible