Gender Homophily in Citations

The term “gender homophily” in citations describes an effect whereby the citer disproportionately cites references from authors who are of the same gender. One of the explanations for men’s disproportionate preference for citing men is the Matilda effect—a systematic under-recognition of women’s contribution to science. Despite these few analyses, the question of homophily in citations has been the focus of few studies. This research intends to fill this gap and map citation patterns of authors of each gender, considering author contribution, research field, and subject similarity.

Gita Ghiasi
Gita Ghiasi
Research Officer, IVADO & Université de Montréal

Gita Ghiasi is a Research Officer at the École de bibliothéconomie et des sciences de l’information (Université de Montréal) and the Institute for Data Valorisation (IVADO). She received her Ph.D. in Industrial Engineering from Concordia University and holds a Master’s degree in International Business from the University of Warsaw. Her research interests are critical data, research evaluation, bibliometrics, and science and technology policy. More specifically, her research focuses on exploring inequitable practices in the reward system of science and in identifying policy implications to orient the scientific evaluation system toward equity and equality outcomes.

Philippe Mongeon
Philippe Mongeon
Assistant Professor, School of Information Management, Dalhousie University

I am an assistant professor at the School of Information Management at Dalhousie University, director of the Quantitative Science Studies Lab, and associate member of the Centre interuniversitaire de recherche sur la science et la technologie (CIRST).

Vincent Larivière
Vincent Larivière
Associate Professor, Université de Montréal